Tip #3: Implementing the Back button behavior for Android and Windows Phone 8 Apps

If you use Apache Cordova for developing your Android and Windows Phone 8 mobile apps, you may need to exit the app when the user clicks on the back button on the app’s home page, and to navigate back when the user clicks the back button and the current page is not the home page.

Note that back button usually exists in Android and Windows Phone 8 devices.

In order to do implement this behavior, you can implement the “backbutton” event handler after the “deviceready” event is triggered. This is an example to implement this in jQuery mobile.

    var homePage = "appHome";
   
    //Handle back buttons decently for Android and Windows Phone 8 ...
    function onDeviceReady() {
        document.addEventListener("backbutton", function(e){
            if ($.mobile.activePage.is('#' + homePage)){
                e.preventDefault();
                navigator.app.exitApp();
            } else {
                history.back();
            }
        }, false);
    }

    $(document).ready(function() {
        document.addEventListener("deviceready", onDeviceReady, false); 
    });

Using navigator.app.exitApp(), you can exit your mobile app when the app user is in the home page. And using history.back(), you can navigate back to the previous page when the app user is in other pages.

Reference:

“JavaScript Mobile Application Development” Book:

This entry was posted in Apache Cordova, Book, JavaScript and tagged , , , , , , by Hazem Saleh. Bookmark the permalink.

About Hazem Saleh

Hazem Saleh has more than eleven years of experience in Cloud, Mobile and Open Source technologies. He worked as a software engineer, technical leader, application architect, and technical consultant for many clients around the world. He is an Apache PMC (Project Management Committee) member and a person who spent many years of his life writing open source software. Beside being the author of the "JavaScript Unit Testing" book, "JavaScript Mobile Application Development" book, "Pro JSF and HTML5" book and the co-author of the "Definitive guide to Apache MyFaces" book, Hazem is also an author of many technical articles, a developerWorks contributing author and a technical speaker in both local and international conferences such as ApacheCon North America, Geecon, JavaLand, JSFDays, CON-FESS Vienna and JavaOne. Hazem is an XIBMer, he worked in IBM for ten years. Now, He is working for Nickelodeon New York as a Mobile Architect. He is also an OpenGroup Master Certified Specialist.