JavaScript Quiz #2

Now, it is the time for the second JavaScript quiz.

Assume that we have the following JavaScript code:

var someVar = "1";
var someObject = {
	someVar: 2,
	someMethod: function () {
		var someVar = 3;
		var _this = this;
		
		setTimeout(function() {
			var result = _this.someVar + this.someVar;
			
			alert(result); //What is the value of result here?
			
			if (result > 20) {
				+result--;
			} else {
				+result++;
			}
			
			alert(result); //What is the value of result here?
			
		}, 10);		
	}
};

someObject.someMethod();

The question is what is the output in each alert and Why?
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
In order to understand how this JavaScript example will work, we should know the following:
1. How the JavaScript “this” keyword works.
2. How the JavaScript operators work.

I illustrated in details how the JavaScript “this” keyword works here, in summary, “this” evaluates to the object on which the method was invoked. This means that _this.someVar inside the setIimeout will be evaluated to 2.

It is important to understand how the + Arithmetic operator work, in the following line:

var result = _this.someVar + this.someVar;

The value of result in this line will be evaluated to: 2 + “1” = “21”. This is because the + Arithmetic JavaScript operator always favors String which means that if you have a numeric + String, the numeric operand will be converted to String and the result of the + Arithmetic operator will be a simple String concatenation.

Then coming to the next line:

result > 20

Here there is a comparison between both String and a numeric, unlike the + Arithmetic operator, the JavaScript Relational operators favor numeric, which means that result will be converted to integer so the comparison will be 21 > 20 which will be evaluated to true.

Finally in the following line:

+result--;

The + unary operator can be used to convert its operand to integer, however, it has no effect here as the evaluation of the expression the — post-increment operator is executed before it which will convert result to integer and decrement it by 1.

This is the explanation why the alerts will produce the following results in order:
1. 21
2. 20

This is all about this quiz. Stay tuned for the next one soon!

>>Edited in 01 April 2013.

JavaScript Quiz #1

Having quizzes from time to time is very important in order to refresh our information. This is why I decided to post JavaScript quizzes in order to have a better understanding of JavaScript.

Assume that we have the following JavaScript code:

var someVar = 1;
var someObject = {
	someVar: 2,
	someMethod: function () {
		var someVar = 3;
		
		alert(this.someVar); //What is the result ???
		
		setTimeout(function(){
			alert(this.someVar); //What is the result ???
		}, 10);		
	}
};

someObject.someMethod();

The question is what is the output in each alert and Why?
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
In order to understand how this JavaScript example will work, we should know how the JavaScript “this” keyword works. It is important to know that within a body of JavaScript method, “this” evaluates to the object on which the method was invoked.

This mean in the “this.someVar” expression of the first alert, “this” will be evaluated to someObject object on which someMethod method was invoked, which will result in 2 (the value set in line 3).

In the “this.someVar” expression of the second alert, “this” will be evaluated to Window global object because of the window.setTimeout, which will result in 1 (the value set in line 1).

This is all about this quiz. Stay tuned for the next one soon!